What is obesity?
Obesity is a serious disease that can lead to other severe health problems and may even lead to early death. Obesity is now considered an epidemic in the US. It is associated with a wide range of medical problems (or comorbidities) including hypertension, heart disease, diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, arthritis, gastroesophageal reflux disease and high cholesterol among others. Obesity is measured by the Body Mass Index or BMI. This is a calculation using weight and height to characterize the severity of a person’s obesity. BMI = weight (kg) / height (m2).
How is a person’s weight characterized according to BMI?
What is Bariatric Surgery?
Patients that have a BMI of 35 and one or more comorbidities, or patients with a BMI of 40 or more, are eligible for bariatric surgery.
There are a variety of surgical techniques for bariatric surgery. The most common and accepted techniques are the laparoscopic roux-en-y gastric bypass, and the laparoscopic band.